The Organ at Elevation of the Holy Cross Church
Introduction History Stop list Concerts Multimedia Discography

Index of chapters

 1728, Andreas Hildebrandt
 Around 1900, Otto Heinrichsdorf
 1945
 1978 and 1991, Józef and Zdisław Mollin
 Footnotes and sources




1728, Andreas Hildebdandt
       In 1728 Gdansk organbuilder Andreas Hildebrandt built an organ on the music choir on the west wall of the church. It was the first work of Hildebrandt which had the characteristic case structure which would later be called the “Danziger Prospekt”[1], a specific case design found only in Gdansk and its nearby regions.

The following is the stop list of the instrument as noted by Johann Ephraim Eggert around 1800. Jan Janca notes this might no longer represent the original state of the instrument and suggests that a possible Quinta 3 and Tertia 1 3/5 stops are missing while at the same time 7 stops at eight-feet-pitch appear somewhat strange[2].

Manual 1
Quintadöna 16'
Principal 8'
Hollflöt 8'
Flaut allamade 8'
Flaut Traverse 8'
Quintadöna 8'
Viol di Gambe (B/D) 8'
Octave 4'
Rohrflöte 4'
Octave 2'
Waldflöte 2'
Mixtur 5x  
Trompet (B/D) 8'
Tremulant  
 
Pedal
Subbaß 16'
Principal 8'
Hollflöt 8'
Octave 4'
Salicinal 4'
Octave 2'
Mixtur 5x  
Trompet 8|
 
Registration aids
Cimbel Stern
Angel trumpet
Angel star
Calcant bell

Technical data
Manual compass: C - c3
Pedal compass: C - c1
3 bellows

B/D: Indicates stop is split into two knowbs, one each for bass and treble

The trumpet angels and and angel stars probably had a mechanic drive with a wind wheel to put them into motion[3].

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Around 1900, Otto Heinrichsdorf
       Around 1900 Otto Heinrichsdorf modified the organ slightly and installed a second manual with four stops which, in contrast to the first manual, used pneumatic action.
Following Heinrichsdorf's work the organ possessed the following specification[4]:

Manual 1
Quintadöna 16'
Principal 8'
Hollflöt 8'
Flaut allamade 8'
Flaut Traverse 8'
Quintadöna 8'
Viol di Gambe (B/D) 8'
Octave 4'
Rohrflöte 4'
Octave 2'
Waldflöte 2'
Mixtur 5x  
Trompet (B/D) 8'
Tremulant  
Manualkoppel (II/I)  
 
Manual 2
Gemshorn 8'
Flet 4'
Blockflöte 2'
Vox humana 8'

Registration aids
Cimbel Stern
Angel trumpet
Angel star
Calcant bell

 
Pedal
Subbaß 16'
Principal 8'
Hollflöt 8'
Salicinal 8'
Octava 4'

Technical Data
Manual compass: C - c3
Pedal compass: C - c1

B/D: Indicates stop is split into two knowbs, one each for bass and treble

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1945
       I couldn't find any particular information on the fate of the instrument in March 1945. Whether the instrument remained in the church or was dismantled and relocated outside the church remains to be further examined. The pipes were partly plundered by Russian soldiers and scattered all over the town[5].

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1728, Andreas Hildebdandt
       In 1978 and 1991 the company of Józef and Zdisław Mollin has restored the preserved case and rebuilt the organ. The preserved pipes from the original instrument were included in the rebuilding as much as possible, but the reed stops proved to be beyond repair[6].

Following the reconstruction by Mollin the organ shows the following specification[7]:

Manual 1
1. Quintaton* 16'
2. Principal* 8'
3. Hohlflöte 8'
4. Flauto alemagne* 8'
5. Gedackt 8'
6. Fuguara 8'
7. Octave 4'
8. Rohrflöte 4'
9. Quinte (B/D) 2 2/3'
10. Superoctave 2'
11. Waldflöte 2'
12. Mixtur 5x  
13. Trompete (B/D) 8'
  Tremulant  
  Manualkoppel (II/I)  
 
Manual 2
1. Gemshorn 8'
2. Flet 4'
3. Blockflöte 2'
4. Vox humana 8'

Registration aids
Tympani
Chime star
Trumpet (Angel)

 
Pedal
14. Subbaß* 16'
15. Principal* 8'
16. Hohlflöte 8'
17. Octave 4'
18. Salicional 4'
19. Octave 2'
20. Mixtur 5x  
21. Trompete 8'

Technical Data
Manual compass: C - c3
Pedal compass: C - c1
3 bellows

* Stop consists entirely or partially of original pipes from 1728[8]
B/D: Indicates stop is split into two knowbs, one each for bass and treble


Text: Marek Michalak, Cologne, 03 October 2005

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Footnotes and sources
1 Werner Renkewitz, Jan Janca, Geschichte der Orgelbaukunst in Ost- und Westpreußen zwischen 1333 und 1944, Verlag Weidlich Würzburg, 1984, p. 195  
2 Renkewitz/Janca, p. 195-196  
3 Renkewitz/Janca, p. 196  
4 Same as 3  
5 Interview Prof. R. Perucki, 3 May 2004, as well as footnote 3  
6 Interview Prof. R. Perucki, 3 May 2004  
7 Roman Perucki, CD: The Gdańsk Tablature, DUX Warsaw, 2003, p. 10  
8 Jan Janca, LP: Orgellandschaft Danzig-Westpreußen , MD+G Detmold, 1987  


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